The first issue with crown watermark was in 1863. It was the only type of watermark in Italian issues until 1944. The crown can be with its base line parallel to the stamp base line or parallel to the stamp vertical sides.
There are four positions for this watermark.
crown normal(code: wmITA1a)Crown position is normal
reversed crown(code: wmITA1b)Crown position is reversed
right crown(code: wmITA1c)Crown tip is right pointed
left crown(code: wmITA1d)Crown tip is left pointed
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